Modelling the impact of strategies to address the burden of sugary drinks consumption in Latin America and the Caribbean
Non-communicable diseases are responsible for more than half of the global burden of disease. Overweight and obesity are among the main modifiable risk factors worldwide and their prevalence has been steadily increasing in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) usually constitute a major source of discretionary calories, and have been linked to an increased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, several cancers, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and tooth decay. For these reasons, many countries are considering, or have begun implementing, a series of measures aimed at reducing SSB consumption.
The implementation of these interventions needs to be supported by adequate scientific evidence and requires the commitment of different stakeholders in order to be successful. However, there is a lack of data on the burden of disease attributable to SSBs, and an absence of tools to assess the potential impact of policies. These factors result in a lack of consensus on the need to implement such policies and on the priority they should be given.
The aim of this project, implemented by the Argentina-based Instituto de Efectividad Clinica y Sanitaria Asociación Civil is to fulfill these information needs by generating country-level evidence on the disease burdens attributable to SSB consumption and compiling a knowledge base on available interventions in the region. The research team will develop an economic model to estimate the disease burden and cost-effectiveness of relevant policies in Latin America and the Caribbean. The project will be carried out, and the model tested, in Argentina, Brazil, El Salvador, and Trinidad and Tobago.
Results from this study are expected to empower decision-makers to select the best set of interventions to reduce the consumption of SSBs and their related health toll in Latin America and the Caribbean.