Pasar al contenido principal

Evaluating New Chilean National Regulations on the Food Supply

In Chile, economic growth has been accompanied by higher consumption of ultra-processed foods and foods high in refined sugars, saturated fats, and salt. More than half of total food purchases in 2007 were in this category, with low-income households spending some 68% of their food budgets on processed foods. Links to increased obesity across gender and age groups have been established. By 2010, obesity in adults had reached 67%, while type 2 diabetes increased from 6% to 9%. Similar trends in obesity were observed in children from primary public schools. In response to the situation, the Chilean government passed a series of regulations to improve the dietary intake of the population. An 8% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in 2014, to be followed in 2016 by front-of-package warning labels and food marketing controls for television shows watched by children, with regulations becoming increasingly stringent over the next three years. This staggered implementation provides an ideal opportunity to assess the impact of these regulations. The overarching goal of this project is to understand how these policy interventions affect purchase and consumption of both regulated and non-regulated packaged foods and beverages. This includes the shift away from ultra-processed food and sugar-sweetened beverages toward fresh and minimally processed foods. The research will provide a baseline and one year of data on food-related marketing exposure and attitudes, as well as on dietary intake for a new cohort of 4-year-old children, as well as an existing cohort of 12-year-olds from low- and middle-income families. Perceptions and attitudes of mothers toward the regulations will also be assessed. The project will lay the groundwork for a more extensive and longer-term evaluation to guide implementation of ongoing and future food-related taxes and regulations. It will inform other Latin American governments considering similar approaches. IDRC is partnering with the Corporactión para Apoyo de la Investigación Cientifica en Nutrición on this project.

Identificador del Proyecto
108180
Estado de Proyecto
Completed
Fecha de finalización
Duración
24 months
Funcionario del IDRC
Andres Sanchez
Total del financiamiento
CA$ 574,810.00
Ubicación
South America
País de la Institución
Chile
Líder del proyecto
Camila Corvalan
Institución
Universidad de Chile

Publicaciones

Prevalence of child-directed and general audience marketing strategies on the front of beverage packaging : the case of Chile

Prevalence of child-directed and general audience marketing strategies on the front of beverage packaging : the case of Chile

Article

Chile leads the world in sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) sales. Front-of-package (FOP) marketing strategies of beverages were catalogued to examine their prevalence, prior to regulation of child-directed marketing aimed at reducing obesity-related disease among Chile’s youth. FOP marketing on beverages varied according to the nutritional quality of the product, with heavier use of health-oriented and child-directed strategies in less healthy products. Marketing activities warrant continued observation to evaluate how industry responds to new marketing restrictions.

Autor(es) : Stoltze, Mediano, Barker, Jo, Kanter, R., Corvalán, C, Reyes, M, Taillie, L.S., Dillman Carpentier, F.R.

Descargar el PDF

Lenguaje: Inglés

Chile's 2014 sugar-sweetened beverage tax and changes in prices and purchases of sugarsweetened beverages :an observational study in an urban environment

Chile's 2014 sugar-sweetened beverage tax and changes in prices and purchases of sugarsweetened beverages :an observational study in an urban environment

Article

This study examines changes in beverage prices and household beverage purchases following the implementation of tax reform in Chile (2014). Findings are consistent with previous evidence indicating that small increases in sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes are unlikely to promote large enough changes in SSB purchases to reduce obesity and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).The Chilean government increased the tax rate from 13% to 18% on industrialized beverages with high levels of sugar (H-SSBs). Results of the tax modifications were small, and observed changes in prices and purchases of beverages after the tax were also small.

Autor(es) : Caro, Juan Carlos, Corvalan, Camilia, Reyes, Marcela, Silva, Andres, Popkin, Barry, Taillie, Lindsey Smith

Descargar el PDF

Lenguaje: Inglés

Full Report 2018 108180-001 PI Corvalan, Evaluating new Chilean National Regulations on the Food Supply

Full Report 2018 108180-001 PI Corvalan, Evaluating new Chilean National Regulations on the Food Supply

Report

Activities, outputs and outcomes of the project are detailed in this report. Evaluating regulation on food labelling and food marketing to children was pivotal for informing health and dietary policies at the local, regional and global level. The project assessed the impact of regulations (labelling; restrictions on child-targeted marketing; prohibition of sales of unhealthy foods in schools; tax increase on sugar-sweetened beverages) aimed towards a healthier food environment, implemented in Chile to halt the ongoing obesity epidemic.

Autor(es) : Corvalán, Camila

Descargar el PDF

Lenguaje: Inglés