The use of technology to attack environmental defenders ─ including Indigenous leaders and women ─ is part of a continuum of violence online and on the ground that uses targeted disinformation and smear tactics, surveillance and death threats to silence defenders.
The East Africa region, with its heavy dependence on climate-impacted sectors such as forestry and agriculture for economic growth, has emerged as one of the more vulnerable regions to climate change across the continent.
The Southern Africa region has been affected by the increasing frequency of extreme weather events such as prolonged droughts, heat waves, floods, tropical cyclones and rising sea levels, which are not only resulting in loss of lives and property damage but are also contributing to the displacement of populations.
Data and digital technologies have enormous potential to foster inclusive governance, but uncontested narratives in the public sphere can also create divides that entrench social and economic inequalities.
Close to 80 million people worldwide have been forcibly displaced because of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations, economic hardship, climate change and prolonged instances of political instability.
This action research aims to establish the conditions for effective legal empowerment approaches to improve the inclusion and participation of rural women in actions to combat the effects of climate change in order to protect their livelihoods in highly conservative contexts.
Marginalized people face some of the harshest forms of exclusion and discrimination in Africa, ranging from an inability to access basic services like housing and healthcare, to violence, based on their real or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and/or sex characteristics.
West Africa has witnessed growing levels of conflicts, political violence, the proliferation of armed groups and extreme weather events that have put the lives of millions of people at risk of further displacement in the region.