Women's Early Labour Market Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa
What limits women's ability to become financially self-sufficient from an early age in Africa? This project will examine the factors that affect young women's transitions from school to work, how they choose their first job, what drives the timing of when they leave full-time education, and how early work experiences and having children can affect their future employment options. The research will be carried out in six countries: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Some of the key strategies for increasing women's economic empowerment in low- and middle-income countries include expanding women's opportunities for full and productive paid employment, and improving their access to education. There is a strong commitment among governments to address both youth unemployment and gender inequality in education. But there is little evidence on what underlies the challenges young girls face. Research is also thin on whether and how early labour market and fertility experiences can have substantial lifelong consequences for their economic prospects. This project seeks to fill this evidence gap. This research is supported under the Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women (GrOW) program. GrOW is a five-year, multi-funder partnership of the United Kingdom's Department for International Development, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and IDRC. With a focus on low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, GrOW aims to support policies and interventions that improve women's livelihoods and contribute to societal well-being. One component of the program will support 11 projects addressing barriers to women's economic empowerment and gender gaps in earnings and productivity. This project is among them, selected following a competitive call. The project team will cultivate close relationships and regular interaction with stakeholders in each country to raise awareness and buy-in, and to enrich policy discussions. The findings will be particularly relevant in light of the heightened policy interest on youth employment in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond. The project will seek to -highlight the factors that influence young women's decisions about the first full-time economic activity they undertake; -identify factors affecting young women's fertility experiences; -investigate the extent to which working as a child affects the school-to-work transition; -clarify how early labour market and early fertility experiences affect women's employment later in life; and -build a strong relationship with national and international stakeholders to ensure uptake of the results. The University of Sussex and the University of Nairobi will coordinate the project.
Just gold : a conflict-free artisanal gold project - briefing note
Partnership Africa Canada’s (PAC) Just Gold project aims to bring legal, conflict-free, and traceable gold from artisanal mine sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo to international markets. Butuzi in South Kivu is PAC’s second location for the Just Gold pilot project. We are currently undertaking baseline research and laying the foundations for the project, which we expect to be fully operational later in 2016.
From school to work in six African countries : how are women faring? - policy brief
Young African women who leave school and have children early face fewer livelihood options and diminished horizons. To shed light on factors that deter young women from leaving school, researchers examined evidence on school-to-work transitions. Interventions that help them stay in school can impact skills, future careers, and their contributions to society in the long run. This Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women (GrOW) policy brief reports that despite significant gains in education, evidence from six African countries indicates formal employment opportunities are not keeping pace and that girls and women are disadvantaged by care duties.
Author(s): McKay, Andy, O’ Neill, Mary, Vargas, Alejandra, Melesse, Martha
Transition des études au marché du travail dans six pays africains : comment les femmes s’en tirent elles ? - exposé de politique
La participation des femmes à la main-d’oeuvre est plus élevée en Afrique subsaharienne que dans plusieurs régions en développement, mais il y a moins de jeunes femmes y occupant des emplois salariés du secteur structuré. Par ailleurs, les niveaux d’instruction des femmes y sont moins élevés que dans d’autres régions, alors que les taux de fécondité y sont plus élevés et que les femmes ont généralement des enfants à un plus jeune âge. En général, les jeunes femmes africaines concilient les responsabilités professionnelles et familiales en occupant davantage des emplois d’aide-domestique, en faisant de l’agriculture ou en occupant un travail occasionnel. Parce qu’elles abandonnent l’école de façon précoce et ont des enfants au cours de leur adolescence, les jeunes femmes ont moins de possibilités d’assurer leur subsistance et leurs horizons sont limités. Les interventions visant à les rejoindre durant leur enfance pour les aider à demeurer plus longtemps à l’école peuvent avoir de plus grandes répercussions sur les compétences qu’elles acquerront, leur future carrière et leurs contributions à la société.
Author(s): McKay, Andy, Vargas, Alejandra, O'Neill, Mary, Melesse, Martha